The Icelandic Volcano

The Icelandic Volcano

If you could believe it, there is an enormous Volcano

located in Iceland. This behemoth of a Volcano is called the Fagradalsfjal Volcano. According to the website,,”The Fagradalsfjal Volcano erupts every two or three centuries and 800 to 1,000 years of quietness.”

Just like Hawaii,Iceland is perched above a hotspot. A hotspot is a column of hot rocks that rises through the mantle. According to,” The Mantle or mantle plumb, is an ascending column of hot rock, not magma that originates deep in the mantle.” The Mantle is not magma but more of just not as hot rock. And, according to,”The Core-Mantle Boundary is a region of substantial complexity and forms the biggest density interface in the Earth’s interior.” The Core-Mantle is the ring around the outer-core of the Earth.

The Fagradalsfjall Volcano is located in the region of Iceland, on the Reykjanes Peninsula, in the town of Reykjavik. And according to, “The last eruption occurred in March, 2021.”   

According to, “It has been three months on September 7, 2022 since the last lava flow was seen at the eruption site. The eruption that began March 19, 2021, lasted exactly 6 months. This volcano hasn’t begun to erupt since.” The volcano rotates through periods. These periods are known as Magmatic Eruptions. A volcano like the Reykjanes Peninsula can affect the area around it as well, volcanoes can produce rich soils. These soils can help grow crops, so in turn this volcano also helps the residents near it.

The Fagradalsfajal Volcano formed in the last glacial period. In size, this volcano is 360 meters in length. If you wanted to hike this volcano, it would take you 2-3 hours just to get to the top.